Hymn #543: Where Cross the Crowded Ways of Life
William Gardiner (1770-1853) harmonized the tune GERMANY for his 1815 hymnal, Sacred Melodies, citing Beethoven as the source. This connection, however, has never been proven. GERMANY has served as the setting for North’s text since they were first paired in The Methodist Hymnal (1905).
William Gardiner was influential in bringing the music of Beethoven, Haydn, and Mozart to England. Music was his hobby, and he made many trips to the European continent. Gardiner wrote about his experiences in Music and Friends (1838-1853). When he was not traveling, Gardiner lived in Leicester, England.